Growing cannabis is not something that you should take lightly if you really want a good yield. It needs your time and care just like any other plant.
You can choose to grow the marijuana either indoors or outdoors. There are certain advantages to growing the plant indoors like privacy and better control.
If you are confused about how to start on your journey to grow cannabis inside your house, then you have come to the right place. This guide will help you undertake this new venture with confidence.
The most important thing to know before beginning:
One thing that you must keep in mind if you are gearing up to cultivate marijuana is that cannabis requires more light to grow than most other houseplants. The plants need a lot of light energy in order to produce the buds. The growth of cannabis is proportional to its exposure to light, which is why you must be very particular about your indoor lighting arrangement at every step. This is one aspect that you cannot compromise in!
Steps to follow:
If you are careful and cautious, then growing marijuana indoors should not be a problem for you. Just adhere to the mentioned steps:
- Choose the space where you want to grow cannabis:
Unless you have a suitable place at your house, it can become difficult. You can opt for a closet, tent, spare room or even just a corner as long as the required equipment can also be accommodated in the same apace. You can begin small to test out how well your first attempt goes and then increase as you get better at it so that you do not face any drastic loss.
Cannabis tends to grow a lot during its flowering stage which is why you need to give it space to breathe. Make sure that the place you choose is sanitized and light-tight. A cool, dry area will be beneficial for the plants.
- Find the perfect lights:
As mentioned before, light is the most important environmental factor that impacts both the quality and the quantity of your cannabis yields. You should go for the best lighting setup within your budget. The commonly used lights are:
- HID Grow Lights are high-intensity discharge lights that are known to give you value for money in terms of output and efficiency. They are of two kinds: Metal halide (MH) and High-pressure sodium (HPS). You should ideally have both for the best results.
- Fluorescent Grow Lights are cheaper and produce lesser heat. However, they are not as effective.
- LED Grow Lights be great for indoor cannabis harvesting, but they are on the costlier side.
- Induction Grow Lights are difficult to get hold of but are effective and long-lasting.
- Choose a good air source:
When you are growing plants inside, they do not get enough fresh air. Both carbon dioxide and oxygen are essential for a plant’s survival. You must maintain a steady stream of air in your growing space with the help of an exhaust fan and filtered air inlet combination.
Make sure that the temperature is never extreme. You must choose the exhaust fan based on the size of your crop and space. It is best if you take into account the heat generated by the lighting system so you can balance it out. There are also ways to create customised environments.
- Choose the kind of controls you want:
If you have found the perfect lights and a climate control system, then you must want to automate them. You can either buy an expensive unit that takes care of everything or choose to monitor your plants yourself. The light/dark cycle is crucial to the proper growth of a plant.
If you have a basic model, then you should adjust the thermostat to the maximum desired temperature and then switch on the exhaust fan. As soon as the space reaches that temperature, the system will shut down.
- Decide what your grow medium will be:
Since you are growing the cannabis indoors, you have complete control over the kind of medium that you want the plants to grow in. The two most popular methods of growing marijuana are:
- With Soil: Everyone knows that soil can make or break a plant’s well-being. If you are a beginner, then you should definitely use soil because it will give you some leeway. You can use any good potting soil, but make sure that it does not have any artificial extended release fertilizer.
- Without soil: The second option is growing your crop in a soilless, hydroponic media. You must provide the cannabis plants with mineral salt nutrients in their concentrated solutions so that they can absorb the goodness.
- Choose the container:
You must choose the ideal container for growing the cannabis. That will largely depend on the kind of medium that you use and the equipment system. A hydroponic crop can be raised in small net pots or a big pot. If you want budget-friendly options, then you can go for disposable plastic or cloth bags that will allow your plants to breath. Keep in mind that drainage is of supreme importance.
- Give your plants the nutrients they require:
If you want your cannabis flowers to be of the highest quality, then you cannot be stingy with fertilisers and nutrients. Marijuana plants need Phosphorus, Potassium and Nitrogen in order to grow properly. Moreover, they require micronutrients like Magnesium, Iron, Calcium and Copper.
The best thing to do would be to use a pre-fertilized organic soil mix or formulate an appropriate nutrient solution. Make sure that you do not overdo it or the plants will not be able to absorb it.
- Water your plants regularly:
Most people know that plants need to be watered, but there is a catch when it comes to cannabis plants. The water you drink might not be suitable for the plants because it contains dissolved minerals that can clog up the root zone and negatively impact the plant’s uptake power. High levels of chlorine can also prove to be damaging for soil microbes that could have otherwise helped the plants.
You must remember never to overwater because cannabis plants catch fungal root diseases very easily when they are drenched.
- Harvest when the time comes:
Do not rush the harvesting process or you might find yourself stuck with bad marijuana. You can identify if your crop is ready for harvest by taking a look at the trichomes or “resin glands” because they tend to change in appearance. You can use a microscope so you do not make a mistake.
Now that you know all the necessary facts and steps, why not get started?